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The effects of diet on muscle pH and metabolism during high intensity exercise.

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  • 1Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, University Medical School, Aberdeen, Scotland.


Five healthy male subjects exercised for 3 min at a workload equivalent to 100% VO2max on two separate occasions. Each exercise test was performed on an electrically braked cycle ergometer after a four-day period of dietary manipulation. During each of these periods subjects consumed either a low carbohydrate (3 +/- 0%, mean +/- SD), high fat (73 +/- 2%), high protein (24 +/- 3%) diet (FP) or a high carbohydrate (82 +/- 1%), low fat (8 +/- 1%) low protein (10 +/- 1%) diet (CHO). The diets were isoenergetic and were assigned in a randomised manner. Muscle biopsy samples (Vastus lateralis) were taken at rest prior to dietary manipulation, immediately prior to exercise and immediately post-exercise for measurement of pH, glycogen, glucose 6-phosphate, fructose 1,6-diphosphate, triose phosphates, lactate and glutamine content. Blood acid-base status and selected metabolites were measured in arterialised venous samples at rest prior to dietary manipulation, immediately prior to exercise and at pre-determined intervals during the post-exercise period. There was no differences between the two treatments in blood acid-base status at rest prior to dietary manipulation; immediately prior to exercise plasma pH (p less than 0.01), blood PCO2 (p less than 0.01), plasma bicarbonate (p less than 0.001) and blood base-excess (p less than 0.001) values were all lower on the FP treatment. There were no major differences in blood acid-base variables between the two diets during the post-exercise period.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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