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J Lipid Res. 1988 Apr;29(4):469-79.

Postprandial plasma lipoprotein changes in human subjects of different ages.

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USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111.


Plasma lipoprotein changes were monitored for 12 hr after a fat-rich meal (1 g of fat/kg body weight) in 22 subjects (9 males, 13 females, 22-79 yr old). Plasma triglyceride, measured hourly, peaked once in some subjects, but twice or three times in others. The magnitude of postprandial triglyceridemia varied considerably between subjects (range: 650-4082 Males tended to have greater postprandial triglyceridemia than females, and elderly subjects had significantly (P less than 0.05) greater postprandial triglyceridemia than younger subjects. Total plasma cholesterol, measured every three hr, increased significantly (6.0 +/- 2.1%) in 7 subjects, decreased significantly (7.1 +/- 1.2%) in 10 subjects, and remained unchanged in the remainder. Single spin ultracentrifugation and dextran sulfate precipitation procedures were used to quantitate triglyceride and cholesterol in triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRL, d less than 1.006 g/ml), low density lipoproteins (LDL), and high density lipoproteins (HDL). Plasma TRL and HDL triglyceride increased after the fat meal, while LDL triglyceride decreased at 3 hr but increased at 9 and 12 hr. TRL cholesterol increased postprandially, while LDL and HDL cholesterol decreased. Phospholipid (PL), free (FC) and esterified (EC) cholesterol measurements were carried out on the plasma and lipoprotein fractions of 8 subjects. Plasma PL increased significantly at 3, 6, and 9 hr after the fat-rich meal, due to increases in TRL and HDL PL. TRL CE increased postprandially, but a greater decrease in LDL and HDL CE caused plasma CE to be decreased. Plasma FC increased, predominantly due to an increase in TRL FC. Plasma concentrations of apolipoprotein A-I and apolipoprotein B both decreased after the fat-rich meal. The magnitude of postprandial triglyceridemia was inversely correlated with HDL cholesterol levels (r = -0.502, P less than 0.05) and positively correlated with age (r = -0.449, P less than 0.05), fasting levels of plasma triglyceride (r = 0.636, P less than 0.01), plasma apoB (r = 0.510, P less than 0.05), TRL triglyceride (r = 0.564, P less than 0.01), TRL cholesterol (r = 0.480, P less than 0.05) and LDL triglyceride (r = 0.566, P less than 0.01). Change in postprandial cholesterolemia was inversely correlated with fasting levels of HDL cholesterol (r = -0.451, P less than 0.05) and plasma apoA-I (r = -0.436, P less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

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