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Cell. 1988 Jul 15;54(2):199-207.

The hormone-binding domains of the estrogen and glucocorticoid receptors contain an inducible transcription activation function.

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Laboratoire de Génétique Moléculaire des Eucaryotes du CNRS, Strasbourg, France.


We have constructed novel chimeric receptors, GAL-ER and GAL-GR, consisting of the DNA-binding domain of the yeast transcription factor GAL4 joined to the C-terminal region containing the hormone-binding domain of either the human estrogen (hER) or human glucocorticoid (hGR) receptor. Stimulation of transcription by GAL-ER and GAL-GR from GAL4-responsive reporter genes was hormone dependent, and the activation function has been localized to the hER or hGR region. Both chimeric receptors recognized GAL4-responsive elements only in the presence of hormone or anti-hormone, yet solely the hormone was capable of stimulating transcription. These and additional results suggest that the hormone plays at least a dual role. First, the hormone, or anti-hormone, is responsible for receptor "transformation" allowing the recognition of responsive DNA elements. Second, the hormone, but not the anti-hormone, can induce a transcription activation function present in the region that contains the hormone-binding domain.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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