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Am J Clin Nutr. 1988 Jul;48(1):152-8.

Nutritional status in persons with and without senile cataract: blood vitamin and mineral levels.

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  • 1USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111.


As part of an exploratory study of nutrition and senile cataract relationships between biochemical markers of nutritional status and senile cataract were examined in 112 subjects aged 40-70 y. Seventy-seven subjects had a cataract in at least one lens. Blood levels were determined for total carotenoids, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin C, riboflavin, thiamin, vitamin B-6, zinc, copper, selenium, and magnesium. Subjects were grouped into quintiles for each nutrient. Logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) for cataract among subjects in the highest quintile and the middle three quintiles relative to subjects in the lowest quintile. ORs were adjusted for age, sex, race, and presence of diabetes. Results suggest that risk of cortical cataract was reduced for subjects in the highest quintile of vitamin D and total carotenoids and that persons with cataract may have lower levels of vitamin C and higher levels of vitamin B-6 and Se.

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