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Closed mitral valvotomy during pregnancy. A 20-year experience.

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Department of Cardiothoracic, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.


Closed mitral valvotomy for rheumatic mitral stenosis was performed on 126 pregnant women (average duration of pregnancy c. 21 weeks), 91% of whom were in NYHA functional class III or IV. Associated functional tricuspid regurgitation was present in 47 (37%) of the women, and 102 (81%) had critical mitral stenosis (digitally assessed valve area less than 1 cm2). There was no surgical mortality. Postoperatively 84% of the women were in NYHA class I. Clinical evidence of pulmonary artery hypertension and tricuspid regurgitation regressed postoperatively in most patients. Full-term normal delivery was achieved in 82% of the pregnancies, with total fetal mortality 6%. There were no congenital abnormalities and the infants' progress was normal. At 5-year follow-up 86% of the women were in NYHA class I or II and at 10 years the figure was 60%. The restenosis rate was 2%/year and the late mortality 3.3%. Closed mitral valvotomy during pregnancy thus was safe and reliable, giving significant functional and clinical improvement without adversely affecting the fetus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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