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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1988 Jul 1;961(1):53-64.

Serum lipoprotein and apolipoprotein profiles of the genetically obese ob/ob mouse.

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INSERM U1, Hôpital Bichat, Paris, France.


The lipid transport system of 3-month-old male C57BL/6J obese (ob/ob) mice was investigated. Serum lipoproteins were separated by density gradient ultracentrifugation and characterized by their chemical and electrophoretic properties as well as their relative apolipoprotein contents, defined according to molecular weight and charge. Obese, ob/ob mice exhibited a marked hyperlipoproteinemia resulting from large increases in low-density lipoproteins (LDL, d 1.021-1.058 g/ml) and high-density lipoproteins (HDL, d 1.058-1.137 g/ml), particularly, the HDL2 subclass (d 1.058-1.109 g/ml). This increase in lipoproteins was entirely responsible for their hypercholesterolemia and hyperphospholipidemia. By contrast, these obese mice had a net decrease in very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL, d less than 1.016 g/ml) and intermediate-density lipoproteins (IDL, d 1.016-1.021 g/ml), which accounted for their moderate hypotriglyceridemia. The chemical composition of heterogeneous light LDL (d 1.021-1.040 g/ml and dense LDL (d 1.040-1.058 g/ml) overlapped by HDL-like particles was highly modified. These modifications consisted of increases in the percentages of cholesteryl ester and phospholipid and decreases in that of triacylglycerol. There were also marked changes in the relative values of the apolipoproteins of VLDL, but principally, IDL and LDL. IDL and light LDL were poorer in apolipoproteins BH (Mr 340,000-320,000) and eventually in apolipoprotein BL (Mr 220,000-200,000) and enriched in apolipoproteins E (Mr 37,000-35,000) and C-A-II (Mr approximately equal to 12,000). A similar and very significant change occurred in VLDL for both the apolipoproteins BL and C-A-II. Dense LDL, mainly poorer in apolipoprotein BH and enriched in apolipoprotein A-I (Mr 28,000-27,000), closely resembled HDL2 in all the groups, and were enriched in apolipoproteins C-A-II in only the obese mice. We suggest that ob/ob mice are probably protected against atheromata because of the low VLDL and IDL levels, and the increase in HDL2.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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