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Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 1988 Apr;15(4 Pt 2-3):1615-20.

[Anti-cancer effects of BRMs associated with nutrition in cancer patients].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

1
2nd Dept. of Surgery, Tohoku University School of Medicine.

Abstract

Nutritional deficiencies are believed to be instrumental in producing reduced immune responses in a variety of animal species. Malnutrition may result in an increase or a decrease in immune functions, depending upon its degree, and also the timing and severity of the nutritional protein deprivation. Our experimental data suggest that there is a significant impairment of cytotoxic activity against K-562 and of the ability of spleen cells to produce interferon in protein-deprived mice in comparison with control mice. Paradoxically accelerated tumor growth after administration of OK-432 or Lentinan was also noted in protein-deficient tumor-bearing mice. In addition, a clinical randomized study of advanced or recurrent gastric cancer patients treated with MMC and FT(MF) with or without lentinan was performed. We recognized excellent end-point results only in the lentinan-treated patients with normal protein levels, while no effect of this agent was seen in patients with low serum protein levels (below 5.9/dl). Aggressive postoperative chemotherapy for cases with distant lymph node metastasis was performed under active nutritional support without any depression of metabolic and immunological states, resulting in a good 5-year survival rate (36.9%).

PMID:
3382233
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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