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J Rheumatol. 1988 Mar;15(3):427-32.

Factor structure of the Arthritis Helplessness Index.

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Health Care Research Project, School of Nursing, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240.


The factor structure of the Arthritis Helplessness Index (AHI) was examined using principal components factor analysis with varimax rotation. Data for the initial factor analysis came from a longitudinal study of 368 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Two slightly negatively correlated (r = -0.21) subscales emerged: internality and helplessness. This analysis was cross-validated twice. Findings reveal that the 2 subscales of the AHI are more reliable and valid than the total score. The 5 item helplessness subscale, in particular, appears to be a highly valid indicator of the degree to which patients with RA feel overwhelmed by their disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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