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Intensive Care Med. 1988;14(3):241-3.

Pulmonary barotrauma including orbital emphysema following inhalation of toxic gas.

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1
Department of Anesthesia, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel.

Abstract

Severe pulmonary barotrauma occurred following smoke and toxic gas inhalation in a 20-year-old male. He developed pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, and extensive facial subcutaneous emphysema which intensified during treatment with positive pressure ventilation. Following the appearance of diplopia and exotropia, orbital emphysema was demonstrated radiologically. The diplopia and exotropia were manifestations of mechanical interference in extra-ocular muscle function by the intra-orbital air, an unusual expression of pulmonary barotrauma.

PMID:
3379186
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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