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Biochem Pharmacol. 1988 May 15;37(10):1933-8.

Activation of the microsomal glutathione-S-transferase and reduction of the glutathione dependent protection against lipid peroxidation by acrolein.

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1
Department of Pharmacochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Allyl alcohol is hepatotoxic. It is generally believed that acrolein, generated out of allyl alcohol by cytosolic alcohol dehydrogenase, is responsible for this toxicity. The effect of acrolein in vitro and in vivo on the glutathione (GSH) dependent protection of liver microsomes against lipid peroxidation, and on the microsomal GSH-S-transferase (GSH-tr) in the rat was determined. In vitro incubation of liver microsomes with 5 mM acrolein for 30 sec resulted in a 2-fold activation of the GSH-tr. This activation probably proceeds via alkylation of the thiol group of the GSH-tr. In vivo administration of 1.1 mmol allyl alcohol/kg to rats did also result in a 2-fold stimulation of the GSH-tr activity. Administration of 375 mg pyrazole/kg, an inhibitor of the alcohol dehydrogenase, thus reducing the acrolein formation, prevented the in vivo stimulation of GSH-tr by allyl alcohol. This indicates that the activation of GSH-tr in vivo by allyl alcohol probably also proceeds via alkylation of the thiol group of the GSH-tr by acrolein. GSH protects liver microsomes against lipid peroxidation, probably via a free radical reductase that reduces vitamin E radicals at the expense of GSH. Incubating liver microsomes for 30 min with 0.1 mM acrolein reduced the GSH dependent protection against lipid peroxidation, probably because an essential thiol group(s) on the free radical reductase is alkylated. In vivo administration of allyl alcohol did not reduce the GSH dependent protection of the microsomes. Probably the thiol group(s) located on the free radical reductase is less accessible or less reactive than the thiol group on the GSH-tr. After administration of allyl alcohol we found no evidence for in vivo lipid peroxidation. Therefore we could not evaluate the importance of the GSH dependent protection against lipid peroxidation in vivo.

PMID:
3377801
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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