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Microbiol Immunol. 1988;32(2):141-50.

Small-scale DNA preparation for rapid genetic identification of Campylobacter species without radioisotope.

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Department of Microbiology, Gifu University School of Medicine.


A simplified and rapid genetic identification method for Campylobacter species without radioisotope was established. Three different amounts of DNA (200, 50, and 12.5 ng) extracted from each type strain of Campylobacter species with standard Marmur's procedure were spotted on a nitrocellulose filter. DNA obtained from one ml bacterial suspension at a concentration of McFarland standard turbidity No. 1 of Campylobacter fetus, C. jejuni, C. coli, and C. pylori isolates were sufficiently labeled with photo-biotin within 15 min and clearly hybridized with the type strain of the corresponding species within four to six hours. Hybridized spots were visualized with alkaline-phosphatase-conjugated streptavidin color-detection method. The reaction was usually stopped within 30 min. Atypical clinical isolates such as a nitrate-negative C. jejuni, two nalidixic acid-resistant C. jejuni, and two strains of C. fetus able to grow at 42 C, which were tentatively identified as such, were definitely identified by the simplified DNA hybridization method presented here. This method will be applicable routinely for the definite identification of atypical strains of Campylobacter species and other gram-negative bacteria difficult to identify biochemically.

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