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Regul Pept. 1988 Mar;20(3):241-50.

Sulphated CCK-8-like peptides in the neural ganglion of the protochordate Ciona intestinalis.

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Clinical Research Group for Gastrointestinal Endocrinology of the Max-Planck-Society, University of Göttingen, F.R.G.


Immunochemical studies were carried out on extracts of the neural ganglion from the ascidian Ciona intestinalis in order to the characterize the peptide(s), which react with antibodies against the C-terminal sequence common for the mammalian hormones, cholecystokinin (CCK) and gastrin. Radioimmunoassays specific for the sulphotyrosyl-containing N-terminus of CCK-8, for the common alpha-carboxyamidated C-terminus and for gastrin were used to monitor gel chromatography and reverse-phase HPLC of the extracts. Only neutral extracts contained immunoreactive material (634 (524-785) pmol eqv.CCK-8/g) (mean and range, n = 4)). HPLC revealed a small peak eluting almost like CCK-8 and a larger peak eluting earlier. By subsequent gel chromatography the larger peak eluted in the same position as sulphated CCK-8. The material was recognized almost equally by the N- and C-terminal CCK radioimmunoassays, whereas the specific C-terminal gastrin radioimmunoassay did not measure the peptides. Treatment with arylsulphatase removed the binding to the antiserum specific for the sulphotyrosyl-containing sequence of CCK. The results indicate that the ganglion of Ciona intestinalis contains a tyrosyl-sulphated peptide resembling mammalian CCK-8.

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