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Radiology. 1988 Jun;167(3):725-6.

Coronary artery aneurysms due to Kawasaki disease: diagnosis with ultrafast CT.

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Department of Radiology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, 52242.


Coronary artery aneurysms are the most serious complication of Kawasaki disease, and periodic screening examinations are necessary. Two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography represents the standard screening method; however, visualization of the distal coronary arteries is often limited. This report describes the complementary role of ultrafast computed tomography (CT) with 2D echocardiography in the evaluation of coronary artery aneurysms resulting from Kawasaki disease (mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome). Six pediatric patients with coronary aneurysms were examined with 2D echocardiography and ultrafast CT. Ten of 11 lesions were detected with ultrafast CT. The one missed coronary artery aneurysm was one of two contiguous aneurysms. Because of intersection thickness these two discrete aneurysms were interpreted as a solitary aneurysm. Ultrafast CT allowed detection of one aneurysm not initially visualized with echocardiography. In conclusion, ultrafast CT was found to be an effective complementary procedure with 2D echocardiography for noninvasively evaluating coronary artery aneurysms occurring as sequelae of Kawasaki disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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