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Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1988 Mar;29(3):559-64.

Dietary pyridoxine interaction with tryptophan or histidine on brain serotonin and histamine metabolism.

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  • 1Department of Nutrition, State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick 08903.


We studied the metabolic effects of high dietary intakes of pyridoxine and of the substrate-cofactor interaction between dietary histidine or tryptophan and pyridoxine in rat brain. In the substrate-cofactor interaction study, histamine and serotonin levels were determined in rats fed elevated or requirement levels of substrate (histidine: 0.3% and 0.8%, tryptophan: 0.15% and 0.6%) and excess or requirement levels of pyridoxine HCl (7 mg vs. 3,000 mg/kg). Excess pyridoxine intake caused a differential effect on brain histamine concentration--inhibitory with the requirement level of histidine (-29%), and stimulatory (+21%) with the elevated level of histidine. When dietary tryptophan was fed at the requirement level, excess pyridoxine caused essentially no changes in hypothalamic serotonin and 5HIAA (-2%, -2%). With elevated tryptophan intake, excess pyridoxine significantly increased serotonin and 5HIAA (+32%, +20%) in the hypothalamus. These results indicate a clear interaction between substrate and coenzyme precursor which influences brain metabolism of histamine and serotonin.

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