Send to

Choose Destination
Peptides. 1988 Jan-Feb;9(1):119-24.

Immunohistochemical evidence for neural mediation of VIP activity in the dogfish rectal gland.

Author information

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester 01605.


Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) has been shown to increase chloride secretion from the rectal gland of the spiny dogfish, Squalus acanthias. Immunohistochemistry was used to localize the distribution of immunoreactive VIP (iVIP). Rectal glands were perfused with either buffered acrolein or paraformaldehyde/glutaraldehyde, sectioned (20 micron) and processed by either avidin-biotin complex (ABC) or peroxidase anti-peroxidase (PAP) methods. At the light microscopic level, iVIP was observed in thick fibers which traversed the fibromembranous capsule of the rectal gland. In the parenchyma, smaller iVIP-containing fibers were noted within connective tissue and in close approximation to tubule cells. At the ultrastructural level, iVIP axons in the fibromembranous capsule were unmyelinated. Immunoreactive fibers within the parenchyma frequently terminated on the basal side of tubule cells. Within the glands, iVIP bouton terminals were observed and contained vesicles of different sizes, with reaction product in dense core vesicles (60-120 nm). We conclude that iVIP is distributed in nerve fibers throughout the dogfish rectal gland. The anatomic distribution suggests that VIP may act as a neurotransmitter in this model of chloride ion transport.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center