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J Pers Assess. 1988 Spring;52(1):133-41.

Masculine gender-role stress: predictor of anger, anxiety, and health-risk behaviors.

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Department of Psychology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg 24061.


We suggest that male gender-role identification affects whether specific situations are appraised as stressful. A questionnaire was developed to measure masculine gender-role stress (MGRS). Correlational data and multiple regression were used to validate the MGRS scale as a measure of gender-related stress in men, and compare its predictive utility with Spence's commonly-used measure of masculinity. Findings indicate that stress appraisal is gender related, that is, men experience more masculine-role stress than women. Further, the construct of MGRS was distinguished from the concept of masculinity. Finally, MGRS predicted increased anger, increased anxiety, and poorer health behaviors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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