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Biochem Pharmacol. 1988 Apr 15;37(8):1509-17.

Qualitative and quantitative differences in the induction and inhibition of hepatic benzo[a]pyrene metabolism in the rat and hamster.

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1
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, State University of New York, Buffalo 14214.

Abstract

The present study compared the induction and inhibition of the metabolism of the prototype polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), in rat and hamster liver microsomes. The production of total polar metabolites was quantitated by separating 3H-metabolites from [3H]-BaP using reverse-phase thin-layer chromatography. The rate of hepatic microsomal BaP metabolism was similar in the rat and hamster (0.81 vs 0.72 nmol/min/nmol cytochrome P-450 respectively). In the rat, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD; 5 micrograms/kg, i.p.) and 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC; 50 mg/kg, i.p., X 3 days) pretreatments doubled the rate of BaP metabolism, whereas phenobarbital pretreatment (PB; 80 mg/kg, i.p., X 3 days) had no effect. In contrast, hamster hepatic microsomal BaP metabolism was elevated 2.3-fold by PB pretreatment, whereas TCDD and 3-MC pretreatments had no effect. Isosafrole pretreatment (ISO; 150 mg/kg, i.p., X 3 days) elevated the rate by almost 2-fold in each species. Another cytochrome P-448-mediated activity, 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD), was induced by the same compounds that induced BaP metabolism in the rat. In hamster liver microsomes, in contrast to BaP metabolism, EROD was induced by TCDD and 3-MC but not PB or ISO pretreatments. The results suggest differences in the substrate specificity of the cytochromes P-448-450 induced by TCDD, 3-MC and PB in these species. This was supported by the different selectivity of the in vitro inhibitors, metyrapone and 7,8-benzoflavone, towards BaP metabolism and EROD in hepatic microsomes from TCDD- or PB-pretreated rats and hamsters. Reverse-phase HPLC analysis indicated that, while 3-hydroxy-BaP was the major metabolite formed by the untreated rat, untreated hamster liver microsomes formed predominantly BaP-4,5-diol. Microsomes from TCDD-treated rats generated elevated levels of all BaP-diols, diones and 3-hydroxy-BaP, with the major metabolites being BaP-9,10- and BaP-7,8-diols. In contrast, the metabolite profile from TCDD-pretreated hamsters was unchanged from the control. PB-treated hamster microsomes produced elevated levels of BaP-diones and 3-hydroxy-BaP. However, the major hepatic metabolite formed by PB-pretreated hamsters was BaP-4,5-diol, while BaP-9,10- and BaP-7,8-diols were not detected. The results of the study indicate differences in the induced cytochrome P-450s and the generation of toxic BaP metabolites in the liver of the rat and hamster.

PMID:
3358781
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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