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Arch Virol. 1988;99(1-2):111-5.

Exposure of Semliki Forest virus-infected baby hamster kidney cells to low pH leads to a proton influx and a rapid depletion of intracellular ATP which in turn prevents cell-cell fusion. Brief report.

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Institute of Hygiene and Medical Microbiology, University of Bern, Switzerland.


The conditions needed to trigger Semliki Forest virus (SFV) induced cell-cell fusion from within (FFWI) of baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells differs from some other cells (e.g., Aedes albopictus cells). In contrast to such cells it is mandatory for BHK cells to be brought back to a neutral pH after a short exposure to mildly acidic pH for fusion to occur. This phenomenon can be explained by a sudden drop of the intracellular pH observed after clamping the extracellular pH below 6.2--the pH required to trigger fusion--and by the thereby implied increased expenditure of ATP. Since the fusion from within of SFV-infected cells is energy dependent [Kempf et al. (1987) Arch Virol 95: 111-122] the fusion process is blocked due to the ATP depletion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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