Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Arch Biochem Biophys. 1988 Mar;261(2):346-56.

Partial purification and characterization of two sesquiterpene cyclases from sage (Salvia officinalis) which catalyze the respective conversion of farnesyl pyrophosphate to humulene and caryophyllene.

Author information

1
Institute of Biological Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman 99164-6340.

Abstract

Humulene cyclase and caryophyllene cyclase, two enzymes which catalyze the cyclization of farnesyl pyrophosphate to the respective sesquiterpene olefins, have been partially purified from the supernatant fraction of a sage (Salvia officinalis) leaf epidermis extract and separated from each other by a combination of hydrophobic interaction, gel filtration, and ion-exchange chromatography. The molecular weight of both cyclases was estimated by gel filtration to be 57,000 and both cyclases exhibited a pH optimum of 6.5 and preferred Mg2+ (Km approximately 1.5 mM) as the required divalent metal cation. Both enzymes possessed a Km of about 1.7 microM for farnesyl pyrophosphate, were strongly inhibited by p-hydroxymercuribenzoate, and exhibited comparable sensitivities to a variety of other potential inhibitors. The properties of the two sesquiterpene olefin cyclases, which are the first from a higher plant source to be examined in detail, were very similar to each other and to other monoterpene, sesquiterpene, and diterpene cyclases previously described.

PMID:
3355155
DOI:
10.1016/0003-9861(88)90350-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center