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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1988 Mar;261(2):346-56.

Partial purification and characterization of two sesquiterpene cyclases from sage (Salvia officinalis) which catalyze the respective conversion of farnesyl pyrophosphate to humulene and caryophyllene.

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Institute of Biological Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman 99164-6340.


Humulene cyclase and caryophyllene cyclase, two enzymes which catalyze the cyclization of farnesyl pyrophosphate to the respective sesquiterpene olefins, have been partially purified from the supernatant fraction of a sage (Salvia officinalis) leaf epidermis extract and separated from each other by a combination of hydrophobic interaction, gel filtration, and ion-exchange chromatography. The molecular weight of both cyclases was estimated by gel filtration to be 57,000 and both cyclases exhibited a pH optimum of 6.5 and preferred Mg2+ (Km approximately 1.5 mM) as the required divalent metal cation. Both enzymes possessed a Km of about 1.7 microM for farnesyl pyrophosphate, were strongly inhibited by p-hydroxymercuribenzoate, and exhibited comparable sensitivities to a variety of other potential inhibitors. The properties of the two sesquiterpene olefin cyclases, which are the first from a higher plant source to be examined in detail, were very similar to each other and to other monoterpene, sesquiterpene, and diterpene cyclases previously described.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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