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Vaccine. 1988 Feb;6(1):49-53.

Influenza virus ISCOMs: antibody response in animals.

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National Veterinary Institute, Division of Vaccine Research, Uppsala, Sweden.


A monovalent experimental ISCOM vaccine has been prepared with the envelope glycoproteins haemagglutinin and neuraminidase of the equine virus strain A/Solvalla/79 (H3N8). In vaccination trials on BALB/c mice the ISCOM vaccine induced more than ten times higher serum antibody titres measured in ELISA than a corresponding experimental micelle vaccine. Similarly, in guinea-pigs the ISCOMs induced about tenfold higher haemagglutination inhibition (HI) and neuraminidase inhibition (NI) titres than a micelle vaccine or a conventional killed influenza whole virus vaccine. Horses vaccinated with a divalent experimental ISCOM vaccine, containing the equine strains A/Prague/56 (H7N7) and A/Solvalla/79 (H3N8), responded with ELISA antibody titres against haemagglutinin which were higher and lasted considerably longer than those in horses vaccinated with conventional whole virus vaccine. ISCOMs induced complete immunoprotection in mice vaccinated with a dose of 1 microgram envelope glycoproteins of the mouse pathogenic strain A/PR/8/34 (H1N1).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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