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J Trauma. 1988 Mar;28(3):319-28.

Management of vascular injuries in the lower extremities.

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Cora and Webb Mading Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030.


From 1981 through 1985, 220 consecutive patients with presumed vascular injuries in the lower extremities underwent operation at the Ben Taub General Hospital. More than 81% of injuries were due to penetrating wounds, and blunt and iatrogenic injuries accounted for the remainder. A preoperative emergency center arteriogram was performed in 63.2% of patients, and physical examination alone prompted operation in 36.8%. Eight patients underwent immediate amputation; the remaining 212 patients were found to have 225 arterial (63.9%) and 127 venous (36.1%) injuries. More than 50% of patients were noted to have both arterial and venous injuries. Arterial repair was most commonly accomplished by segmental resection with an end-to-end anastomosis (28.4%) or insertion of a graft (38.8%). Venous repair was most commonly accomplished by lateral venorrhaphy (48.8%), ligation (19.7%), or insertion of a conduit (18.1%). Postoperative infection in closed wounds, in wounds left open because of the magnitude of injury, and in adjacent fractured bone occurred in 13% of patients. Late amputations were necessary in only four patients, three of whom had infection as the cause.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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