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Biochemistry. 1988 Jan 12;27(1):108-15.

Base pair mismatches and carcinogen-modified bases in DNA: an NMR study of G.T and G.O4meT pairing in dodecanucleotide duplexes.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032.


High-resolution two-dimensional NMR studies have been completed on the self-complementary d(C-G-C-G-A-G-C-T-T-G-C-G) duplex (designated G.T 12-mer) and the self-complementary d(C-G-C-G-A-G-C-T-O4meT-G-C-G) duplex (designated G.O4meT 12-mer) containing G.T and G.O4meT pairs at identical positions four base pairs in from either end of the duplex. The exchangeable and nonexchangeable proton resonances have been assigned from an analysis of two-dimensional nuclear Overhauser enhancement (NOESY) spectra for the G.T 12-mer and G.O4meT 12-mer duplexes in H2O and D2O solution. The guanosine and thymidine imino protons in the G.T mismatch resonate at 10.57 and 11.98 ppm, respectively, and exhibit a strong NOE between themselves and to imino protons of flanking base pairs in the G.T 12-mer duplex. These results are consistent with wobble pairing at the G.T mismatch site involving two imino proton-carbonyl hydrogen bonds as reported previously [Hare, D. R., Shapiro, L., & Patel, D. J. (1986) Biochemistry 25, 7445-7456]. In contrast, the guanosine imino proton in the G.O4meT pair resonates at 8.67 ppm. The large upfield chemical shift of this proton relative to that of the imino proton resonance of G in the G.T mismatch or in G.C base pairs indicates that hydrogen bonding to O4meT is either very weak or absent. This guanosine imino proton has an NOE to the OCH3 group of O4meT across the pair and NOEs to the imino protons of flanking base pairs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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