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Br J Cancer. 1988 Jan;57(1):43-7.

Structure and expression of c-myc and c-fos proto-oncogenes in thyroid carcinomas.

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Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Clinique et Mol├ęculaire, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.


Tumour specimens from 23 patients with thyroid carcinoma, 22 patients with thyroid adenoma, 3 with Graves' disease, and tissues from 8 normal thyroid glands were analyzed by Southern blot hybridization for the physical state of c-myc and c-fos proto-oncogenes. In 4 patients, both the primary tumour and lymph node metastases were analyzed. No amplification or rearrangement of the two proto-oncogenes was detected. Total RNAs were also analyzed. Elevated levels of the 2.4 kb c-myc RNA and of the 2.2 kb c-fos RNA were found in 13/23 (57%) and 14/23 (61%) of the cancer patients, respectively. High levels of c-myc transcripts were more frequently found in thyroid carcinomas with unfavourable prognosis. Concomitant elevated levels of both c-myc and c-fos RNAs were found in 8 cancers. High levels of c-myc RNA were also found in 1 out of 22 specimens of adenoma, in 1 specimen of Graves' disease and in 2 normal thyroid glands. High levels of c-fos RNA were found in 20 of the 22 adenoma samples and in 2 out of 8 normal thyroid tissues. These data indicate that the overexpression of c-myc and c-fos genes is independent of an alteration of the loci. The high levels of c-fos found in adenoma may be associated with the differentiation state of these tumours.

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