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Blood Purif. 1988;6(1):16-26.

Leukocytes, eosinophils and complement function during hemodialysis with polysulphone and polymethylmethacrylate membranes: comparison with cuprophan and polyacrylonitrile.

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Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, Nuovo Ospedale di S. Giovanni di Dio, Florence, Italy.


The biocompatibility of the two new dialysis membranes, polysulphone (PS) and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), was evaluated versus cuprophan (CUP) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) by studying the in vivo effects of the four different membranes on leukocyte counts, eosinophil levels and complement function both in the presence and absence of dialysis fluid. Complement function was also examined in vitro by studying the generation of chemotactic factors, whole complement activity and C3d serum conversion. Passive absorption of complement fractions by membranes has completed in vitro studies. PS, PMMA and PAN showed a higher biocompatibility than CUP, even if slight differences can be observed: PS showed a PAN-like biocompatibility pattern with a relatively high absorption of complement factors by the membrane and without complement activation. On the other hand, PMMA showed a CUP-like pattern and caused complement activation, even though to a lower intensity than CUP. PMMA biocompatibility appears to stand in-between CUP and the other two synthetic membranes PS and PAN. Our results confirm the important role played by membrane-induced complement activation on hemodialysis leukopenia. Dialysis fluid does not have a significant influence on membrane biocompatibility, but represents the major factor in determining intradialytic eosinopenia. Eosinophils seem to represent a more important marker of dialysis than of membrane biocompatibility.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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