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S Afr Med J. 1988 Jan 23;73(2):104-6.

Periventricular/intraventricular haemorrhage and umbilical cord clamping. Findings and hypothesis.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Johannesburg Hospital.


The timing of umbilical cord clamping in 38 women with preterm labour was randomly assigned. Ultrasonographic evidence of periventricular/intraventricular haemorrhage (PVH/IVH), assessed blindly, was found in 77% of the group clamped early compared with 35% of those in whom clamping of the cord was delayed for 1 minute. A hypothesis to explain the possible contribution of the haemodynamic events which accompany cord clamping to the development of PVH/IVH is presented.

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