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Am Heart J. 1988 Jan;115(1 Pt 1):166-75.

Segmental evaluation of left ventricular wall motion after myocardial infarction: magnetic resonance imaging versus echocardiography.

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Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco.


To assess relative capabilities of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) for evaluating regional contractile dysfunction in the left ventricle after a myocardial infarction, results from 22 concurrent MR (orthogonal-transaxial, ECG-gated, multiphasic, single-spin echo) and 2DE examinations were compared. By means of the same 11-segment LV description, MR and 2DE examinations were independently scored segment by segment for residual wall motion (point scores: 2 = normal, 1 = hypokinesia, 0 = akinesia, and -1 = dyskinesia). Significant correlation between MR and 2DE scoring was found throughout most of the left anterior descending (LAD) distribution, but right coronary artery (RCA) distribution (i.e., middle-posterior segment not well seen) could not be fully evaluated by MR imaging. When cumulative scores for the 10 segments mutually evaluated were used to derive measures of global residual LV function (i.e., score quotient [SQ] = accumulated points divided by 20 total possible points), MR SQ correlated well overall with both 2DE SQ (r = 0.82; p less than 0.05) and ejection fraction (EF) from ventriculography (r = 0.86, p less than 0.05 vs r = 0.88, p less than 0.05 for 2DE SQ compared with EF). MR evaluation of segmental wall motion was relatively stronger in the LAD distribution (MR SQ compared with 2DE SQ: r = 0.86, p less than 0.05; MR SQ compared with EF: r = 0.96, p less than 0.05) than in the RCA distribution (r = 0.06, p greater than or equal to 0.05 and r = 0.62, p greater than or equal to 0.05, respectively). For 2DE, regional variations were not as evident (2DE SQ compared with EF: r = 0.90, p less than 0.05 for LAD and r = 0.81, p less than 0.05 for RCA). For segmental evaluation of wall motion after myocardial infarction, MR imaging (transaxial, multiphasic) appears to be comparable to 2DE overall but superior in LAD distribution and inferior in RCA distribution.

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