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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1988 Jan 19;958(1):19-23.

Interaction of alpha-tocopherol with iron: antioxidant and prooxidant effects of alpha-tocopherol in the oxidation of lipids in aqueous dispersions in the presence of iron.

Author information

1
Department of Reaction Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

The dual functions of alpha-tocopherol in the oxidation of lipids in aqueous dispersions in the presence of iron were studied, aiming specifically at elucidating the effect of interaction between alpha-tocopherol and iron. Ferrous ion decomposed hydroperoxide rapidly and induced the free radical chain oxidation of soybean phosphatidylcholine liposomes. alpha-Tocopherol acted primarily as a radical scavenger in the oxidation induced by ferrous ion and acted as an antioxidant. Ferric ion decomposed hydroperoxide much more slowly than ferrous ion, but it also induced the oxidation of liposomal membranes. alpha-Tocopherol incorporated into artificial liposomal membranes reduced ferric ion rapidly to give more reactive ferrous ion, and alpha-tocopherol acted either as an antioxidant or as a prooxidant depending on the experimental conditions. When alpha-tocopherol was depleted by the interaction with ferric ion, it acted solely as a prooxidant, whereas if some alpha-tocopherol remained, it acted as an antioxidant. On the other hand, alpha-tocopherol residing in the intact erythrocyte membranes did not reduce ferric ion in the aqueous region.

PMID:
3334865
DOI:
10.1016/0005-2760(88)90241-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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