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Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1987;81(1):151-6.

Double-blind study to assess the efficacy of chlorproguanil given alone or in combination with chloroquine for malaria chemoprophylaxis in an area with Plasmodium falciparum resistance to chloroquine, pyrimethamine and cycloguanil.

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Projet de Lutte contre les Maladies transmissibles et carentielles, Bujumbura, Burundi.


In this study the efficacy of chlorproguanil (20 mg base weekly) was compared in schoolchildren with that of chloroquine (200 mg base weekly) and that of both drugs combined (20 mg base + 200 mg base weekly). The double blind trial was performed in the rice field area of the Ruzizi valley in Burundi, where Plasmodium falciparum is widely resistant to chloroquine, and where pyrimethamine resistance with cycloguanil cross-resistance had been demonstrated. After 17 weeks, when the trial was ended, 60% breakthroughs had been observed among the children taking chloroquine, 72% among those under chlorproguanil and 61% among those under chlorproguanil and chloroquine. In children weighing between 15 and 24 kg, the failure rate was significantly higher in those treated with chlorproguanil than in the group treated with chloroquine. No difference in efficacy was observed in children weighing 25 to 39 kg. There was no significant increase of efficacy when chlorproguanil was given in association with chloroquine. The mean titre of fluorescent antibodies was the same in each treated group on week 5 and week 15. The comparison of these data with the infection rates in non-protected children suggests that malaria could not be prevented with any of the drug regimens utilized in the study.

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