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J Steroid Biochem. 1987 Dec;28(6):623-7.

Development of a sensitive enzymeimmunoassay (EIA) for progesterone determination in unextracted bovine plasma using the second antibody technique.

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Insitut für Physiologie der Süddeutschen Versuchs-und Forschungsanstalt für Milchwirtschaft, Technische Universität München, F.R.G.


A simple direct enzymeimmunoassay (EIA) on microtiter plates for plasma progesterone using the second antibody coating technique and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) as the enzyme label (EIA-HRP) is described and compared with an identical EIA procedure which employed alkaline phosphatase (AP) as the enzyme label (EIA-AP). The assays used antiserum raised against progesterone-7-carboxyethlthioether-BSA in rabbits. Both systems were further compared with the conventional direct progesterone radioimmunoassay (RIA) in regular use. The enzymes HRP and AP were coupled to progesterone-6 beta-hydroxy-hemisuccinate by a mixed anhydride method. While the precision of EIA-HRP was comparable to RIA, the sensitivity in terms of the lowest detection limit obtained in EIA-HRP was about 10 times better than that seen in RIA. Progesterone estimates from plasma samples in EIA-HRP showed good correlation (r = 0.94) with the RIA values and the levels measured in the two systems were identical. Progesterone estimates from plasma samples in EIA-AP were at least three times higher than those obtained by either EIA-HRP or RIA. Thus, only the EIA-HRP but not the EIA-AP was suitable for the reliable direct measurement of progesterone in plasma.

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