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Mol Cell Biol. 1987 Oct;7(10):3473-81.

The two gene pairs encoding H2A and H2B play different roles in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae life cycle.

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Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts.


We have isolated Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants bearing deletions of one or the other of the two divergently transcribed gene pairs encoding H2A and H2B. The deletions produced diverse effects on the yeast life cycle. Deletion of TRT1, one of the H2A-H2B gene pair sets, affected mitotic growth, sporulation, spore germination, the heat shock response, and exit from the stationary phase; deletion of TRT2, the other H2A-H2B gene pair set, had negligible effects on these same processes. Using a genetic complementation assay, we found that the differential effects of the deletions could be attributed to two features of the gene sets: first, the expression of the TRT1 gene pair, but not the TRT2 gene pair, could compensate for the absence of its partner; second, the protein subtypes encoded by the two gene pairs appear to have different functions in the heat shock response.

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