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Chronobiol Int. 1987;4(3):359-68.

Chrono-optimization of the time of evening administration with unequally divided twice-daily theophylline.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Immunology, Rudolf-Virchow-Hospital, Berlin, F.R.G.


The effect of different times of evening administration (2000 hr versus 2200 hr) of sustained-release aminophylline (Euphyllin CR) on pharmacokinetics and lung functions was investigated in 30 patients presenting with moderately severe asthma. The study protocol followed a randomized three-period change-over design including a placebo period. As the dosing of the investigated SR-formulation is circadian rhythm adapted, the major part of the daily dose, namely 2/3, is affected by the change in time of administration. With regard to the nocturnal peak expiratory flow (PEF), no statistically significant difference between the times of evening administration was detected. However, the concomitant requirement for corticosteroids and inhaled beta-2-mimetics complicates the assessment of the relative clinical efficacy of the major dosing of theophylline during the 24 hr even though this drug is usually not given as a monotherapy in severe patients with reversible airway obstruction.

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