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J Clin Oncol. 1987 Oct;5(10):1655-62.

A prospective randomized trial of single-agent versus combination chemotherapy in meningeal carcinomatosis.

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1
Department of Clinical Oncology, Royal North Shore Hospital, New South Wales.

Abstract

Forty-four patients with documented meningeal carcinomatosis (small-cell lung carcinoma [SCLC], 29%; breast carcinoma, 25%) were treated in a prospective randomized trial with intrathecal methotrexate (MTX) 15 mg or MTX plus cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) 50 mg/m2. Most patients received intrathecal hydrocortisone (HC) each treatment to minimize arachnoiditis. Overall response was 55%. Seven patients achieved complete response. Response to MTX was superior to combined MTX/Ara-C, but not significantly so (61% v 45%; P greater than .10). Response was more frequent if drugs were administered via Ommaya reservoir than by lumbar puncture (65% v 48%; P greater than .10). Concurrent radiotherapy to the CNS was associated with significantly better response (73% v 35%; P less than .05). Small-cell lung carcinoma patients showed the best response (69%). Overall median survival for the whole group was 8 weeks, but responders fared better than nonresponders (median survival, 18 v 7 weeks; P less than .05). Nausea and vomiting were the most common toxicities encountered (45%), but rarely proved limiting. An unusual, previously undocumented reaction to intrathecal HC was noted. MTX is moderately effective in nonleukemic meningeal carcinomatosis, but the addition of Ara-C does not appear to improve results. Pretreatment factors did not predict outcome in this trial.

PMID:
3309199
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.1987.5.10.1655
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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