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Exp Parasitol. 1987 Oct;64(2):188-94.

Plasmodium vivax: exoerythrocytic schizonts recognized by monoclonal antibodies against blood-stage schizonts.

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Malaria Department, Biomedical Research Institute, Rockville, Maryland 20852.


Exoerythrocytic parasites of Plasmodium vivax grown in human hepatoma cells in vitro were probed with monoclonal antibodies raised against other stages of P. vivax. Monoclonal antibodies specific for four independent antigens on blood-stage merozoites all reacted with exoerythrocytic schizonts and merozoites by immunostaining. The characteristic staining pattern of each monoclonal antibody was similar on both blood- and exoerythrocytic-stage parasites and appeared only in mature schizont segmenters. In contrast, a monoclonal antibody specific for the caveolar-vesicle complex of the infected host cell membrane and a second monoclonal antibody reacting with an unknown internal antigen did not appear to react with exoerythrocytic parasites. We confirm prior reports that monoclonal antibodies against the sporozoite immunodominant repeat antigen react with all exoerythrocytic-stage parasites, but note that as the exoerythrocytic parasite matures the immunostaining is concentrated in plaques reminiscent of germinal centers and apparently distinct from mature merozoites. These results indicate that mature merozoites from either exoerythrocytic or blood-stage parasites are antigenically very similar, but that stage-specific antigens may be found in specialized structures present only in a specific host cell type.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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