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Infect Immun. 1977 Jun;16(3):738-41.

Impaired serum antibody response to inactivated influenza A and B vaccine in renal transplant recipients.

Abstract

Before and after vaccination with a commercial inactivated influenza vaccine containing A/Aichi/2/68 (H3N2) and B/Massachusetts/1/71 antigens, the serum hemagglutination inhibition antibody titers to homologous and heterologous strains of A and B influenza viruses were measured in 45 renal transplant patients and 66 healthy controls (62 for the B strains). At least a fourfold titer rise to the homologous A strain occurred in 14 of 45 transplant patients (31%) versus 37 of 66 controls (56%). Fourfold or greater heterologous A rises occurred in only 8 of 45 transplant patients (18%) compared with 40 of 60 controls (61%). In both the homologous and heterologous B responses, at least fourfold hemagglutination inhibition titer rises were seen in significantly fewer transplant patients than control subjects. In the transplant group, no correlation was observed between degree of antibody response and age, previous influenza vaccination, percentage of patients initially seronegative, time since transplantation, dose of immunosuppressive drugs, level of renal function, or nature of original renal disease.

PMID:
330394
PMCID:
PMC421023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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