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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1987 May;15(1-2):59-86.

Monoclonal antibodies to sheep MHC class I and class II molecules: biochemical characterization of three class I gene products and four distinct subpopulations of class II molecules.

Abstract

The availability of a panel of monoclonal antibodies to sheep MHC class I and class II gene products has allowed for the first time an assessment of the relative complexity of the sheep MHC. By using four monoclonal antibodies to MHC class I, and seven monoclonal antibodies to MHC class II molecules together with one-dimensional SDS-PAGE, sequential immunoprecipitation and 2-dimensional gel analysis, three class I gene products and four distinct subsets of class II molecules have been identified. Sheep class I molecules showed heterogeneity on 2-dimensional gels and as in mouse and man, represented the products of at least three different non-allelic class I genes. Interestingly, the sheep beta 2 microglobulin molecule also displayed heterogeneity, consistent with either two primary gene products or allelic variation. Four sheep class II monoclonal antibodies identified distinct, non-overlapping subsets of sheep class II molecules of Mr 32-36 K (alpha chain) and 25-28 K (beta chain). These class II molecules were co-expressed on sheep B lymphocytes and represented the primary products of different sheep MHC class II genes. The class II molecules within three of these subsets displayed allelic polymorphism essentially restricted to their beta polypeptides, while the fourth subset of class II molecules showed allelic variation in both their alpha and beta polypeptides. The results of this study represent the first evidence for gene duplication and heterogeneity within the sheep MHC. The identification of three primary class I gene products and four distinct subsets of class II molecules suggests three class I loci and up to four distinct class II subregions within the sheep MHC. Potentially large numbers of allelic variants of these different gene products may be expressed in normal sheep.

PMID:
3303652
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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