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Lipids. 1987 Jun;22(6):445-54.

Effects of fatty acids on gap junctional communication: possible role in tumor promotion by dietary fat.


Dietary lipids, in particular unsaturated fat, promote the development of many experimental tumors. However, no mechanisms to fully explain these effects have been elucidated. Recent reports, which we summarize here, suggest a role for gap junction-mediated intercellular communication in the process of tumor promotion. We also review tumor-promoting effects of dietary fat on experimental, particularly mammary, carcinogenesis. Our main focus is to review recent data examining the inhibitory effects of unsaturated fatty acids on metabolic cooperation in Chinese hamster V79 cells. These data suggest that inhibition of junctional communication may be involved mechanistically in the promotion of tumors by high levels of dietary unsaturated fat. Finally, potential mechanisms by which unsaturated fatty acids inhibit metabolic cooperation are examined.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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