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J Comp Neurol. 1987 Jun 22;260(4):619-26.

Morphometric analysis of serotoninergic bipolar cells in the retina and its implications for retinal image processing.


The entire population of retinal serotoninergic bipolar cells in the turtle Pseudemys scripta elegans was labeled by immunocytochemical methods. This allowed a systematic analysis to be made of the morphological variabilities among a functionally homogeneous neuronal population. The analyzed morphological characteristics included: size of the Landolt club, size of the soma, lateral extension of the ramification within the outer plexiform layer, course of the axon across the inner nuclear layer, pattern of the axonal ramification within the inner plexiform layer, lateral extension of these ramifications, and density of the cells. Whereas characteristics 1-4 and 7 show a morphological variability strictly related to the location of the bipolar cell with respect to the visual streak, a fovealike structure, characteristics 5 and 6 show no such correlation. The size of the soma increases by a factor of 4 from the visual streak toward the periphery. The area covered by the ramification in the OPL increases from 330 micron 2 at the visual streak to 50,000 microns 2 at the dorsal and ventral edges of the retina. The coverage factor remains the same throughout the retina, as well as the area covered by the ramifications in the IPL, which is about 2,000 microns 2. At the visual streak and at 110 degrees ventral and 68 degrees dorsal of the visual streak, the bipolar axons cross the INL perpendicularly. In between the axons take an oblique course leading to an axon-induced shift between input and output of up to 250 microns.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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