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Diabetes. 1987 Aug;36(8):963-70.

Interleukin 1 is potent modulator of insulin secretion from isolated rat islets of Langerhans.


The effects of interleukin 1 (IL-1) on glucose-induced insulin secretion from isolated rat islets of Langerhans have been examined. IL-1 both inhibits and stimulates glucose-induced insulin secretion depending on the experimental design. Inhibition of glucose-induced insulin secretion was observed after a 15-h treatment of islets with either purified IL-1, murine recombinant IL-1 (rIL-1), or human rIL-1, rIL-1 inhibition of glucose-induced insulin secretion was dose dependent with half-maximal inhibition observed at 25 pM human rIL-1. Basal insulin secretion was not affected by rIL-1 treatment. Mannose- and leucine-induced insulin secretion was also inhibited by a 15-h treatment with human rIL-1. Islets treated 15 h with inhibitory concentrations of murine IL-1 were morphologically intact, well granulated, and retained normal concentrations of insulin compared with control islets. Furthermore, human rIL-1 treatment did not affect the islet plasma membrane permeability as assessed by the measurement of the islet intracellular volume. Finally, the viability of islets treated 15 h with murine rIL-1 was demonstrated by the observation that the inhibitory effects of murine rIL-1 on glucose-induced insulin secretion were reversible. In addition to the inhibitory effects of IL-1 on glucose-induced insulin secretion, purified IL-1 and human rIL-1 had stimulatory effects on glucose-induced insulin secretion under the following conditions: a 90-min incubation with purified IL-1 (10% vol/vol) or in the presence of human rIL-1 (1400 pM) or a 15-h incubation with relatively low concentrations of human rIL-1 (0.5 or 5 pM).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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