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Diabetes. 1987 Aug;36(8):892-6.

Hyperglycemia decreases glucose uptake in type I diabetes.


It has recently been postulated that hyperglycemia per se may contribute to insulin resistance in diabetes. To examine this possibility directly, we measured glucose uptake after 24 h of hyperglycemia (281 +/- 16 mg/dl) and normoglycemia (99 +/- 6 mg/dl) in 10 type I (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients (age 33 +/- 3 yr, relative body wt 102 +/- 3%) treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion. Hyperglycemia was induced by an intravenous glucose infusion, whereas saline was administered during the control day. During both studies the patient received a similar diet and insulin dose. After hyper- and normoglycemia, a primed continuous infusion of insulin (40 mU X m-2 X min-1) was started, and plasma glucose was adjusted to and maintained at 142 +/- 2 and 140 +/- 2 mg/dl, respectively, during 60-160 min of insulin infusion. The rate of glucose uptake after hyperglycemia averaged 8.3 +/- 1.1 mg X kg-1 X min-1, which was lower than the rate after the normoglycemic period (10.1 +/- 1.2 mg X kg-1 X min-1, P less than .001). In conclusion, short-term hyperglycemia reduces glucose uptake in type I diabetic patients. Thus, part of the glucose or insulin resistance in these patients may be caused by hyperglycemia per se.

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