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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1988 Aug;67(2):353-60.

Two-site assay of intact parathyroid hormone in the investigation of primary hyperparathyroidism and other disorders of calcium metabolism compared with a midregion assay.

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Department of Surgery, University Hospital, Heidelberg, West Germany.


We compared the utility of measurements of serum intact human PTH-(1-84) and midregion human PTH-(44-68) in patients with disorders of extracellular calcium metabolism. Serum midregion PTH was determined by RIA, and serum intact PTH was measured by a sensitive and specific immunoradiometric two-site assay. The serum intact PTH concentrations in 70 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism were above the normal range in 69, and thus widely separated from the levels in 40 patients with hypercalcemia of malignancy, in whom serum intact PTH values were usually below normal. In contrast, both groups had overlapping serum midregion PTH values. In patients after renal transplantation and those with chronic renal failure, serum intact PTH levels were in the normal range twice as often as were serum midregion PTH values. The intact PTH assay was also superior in detecting venous gradients of the hormone and changes in PTH secretion caused by altered serum calcium concentrations, and serum intact PTH was remarkably low in hepatic venous effluent. We conclude that this new assay for serum intact PTH is superior to the midregion RIA in investigating parathyroid function in several different clinical conditions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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