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Acta Endocrinol (Copenh). 1988 May;118(1):38-44.

Urinary excretion rate of C-peptide in fed and fasted obese humans.

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1st Institute of Clinical Medicine, Orsola Hospital, University of Bologna, Italy.


The aim of the study was to evaluate the reliability of urinary excretion rate of C-peptide as a marker of B-cell function during fasting. Ten obese subjects of both sexes fasted for 5 days. Diurnal serum C-peptide was collected before and on the 5th day; morning serum samples (for glucose, insulin and C-peptide) and 12-h urine samples (7.00 to 19.00 h) were collected daily. Body weight decreased from 138.7 +/- 15.9 to 132.9 +/- 15.6 kg. Morning glucose, insulin (-40%) and C-peptide (-50%) fell significantly throughout the study. Mean diurnal C-peptide values were 2.19 +/- 0.69 nmol/l before and 0.60 +/- 0.19 nmol/l after fasting (P less than 0.0001) and its secretion rate was 909.4 +/- 297.9 and 244.4 +/- 83.9 nmol/12 h (P less than 0.005), respectively. Excretion rate of C-peptide fell progressively from basal (11.2 +/- 4.2 nmol/12 h) to a nadir value of 1.3 +/- 0.8 nmol/12 h (P less than 0.0005); similarly, the C-peptide to creatinine clearance ratio fell from 0.062 +/- 0.035 to 0.028 +/- 0.015 (P less than 0.05). These results indicate that fasting modifies renal metabolism of C-peptide thus creating several complications in the quantitative interpretation of urinary levels as an index of its secretion rate from the B-cell.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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