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J Periodontol. 1988 Apr;59(4):259-65.

Intragingival occurrence of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans and Bacteroides gingivalis in active destructive periodontal lesions.

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School of Dentistry, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles 90024.


A total of six active and six nonactive sites from six untreated periodontitis patients were examined for intragingival presence of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans and Bacteroides gingivalis. The active destructive periodontal disease was determined by the "tolerance method." The method of immunoperoxidase was used in the identification of intragingival microorganisms in active and nonactive periodontal sites. Light microscopic sections of gingival tissues consecutive to those with gram stain, revealing presence of bacteria (substantiated by electron microscopy), were stained with peroxidase-labeled antibodies against A. actinomycetemcomitans and B. gingivalis. B. gingivalis was found to be significantly elevated in the connective tissue of active sites when compared to nonactive sites. A statistically significant border-line difference was found between active and nonactive sites in the connective tissue invaded by A. actinomycetemcomitans. Our findings plus the well established periodontopathic potential of A. actinomycetemcomitans and B. gingivalis support the concept that these bacteria are important invasive pathogenic agents in periodontitis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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