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Hear Res. 1988 Jun;33(3):273-8.

Calbindin (CaBP 28 kDa) localization in the peripheral vestibular system of various vertebrates.

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INSERM - U. 254, Laboratoire de Neurophysiologie Sensorielle, USTL, Montpellier, France.


Previous reports on calbindin, a 28 kDa vitamin D-induced calcium-binding protein, located in the mammalian peripheral vestibular system indicated that it is specifically distributed and postulated that it could play a role in the electrophysiological functioning of the sensory cells. This immunocytochemical investigation of the distribution of calbindin in the vestibular system of various vertebrates: fishes (goldfish and sea-perch), amphibia (frog), birds (chicken) and mammals (mouse, cat and baboon), was performed to verify these observations. In the vestibular ganglion, only a few neurons were faintly immunoreactive in the fishes and the frog, while the staining was more intense but still not present in all neurons of the chicken, the mouse and the cat. All the neurons were immunoreactive in the baboon. No immunoreactivity was observed in the sensory epithelia of the fishes. All hair cells were strongly immunoreactive in the frog. In the other species, most of the hair cells in the cristae were immunostained except those situated in the peripheral areas. In the maculae, the hair cells of the striola were either the only ones stained or were more intensely stained or were more intensely stained than the others. The localization of calbindin in specific cellular types and its increasing abundance from the fishes to the mammals suggest that calbindin is associated with the capacity of sensory and nerve cells to analyze precise mechanical or biochemical stimulations.

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