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Cell. 1988 Jun 17;53(6):927-36.

The yeast cell-type-specific repressor alpha 2 acts cooperatively with a non-cell-type-specific protein.

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Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco 94143.


The yeast alpha 2 protein is a cell-type-specific transcriptional repressor. It acts by binding to an operator located upstream of each of its target genes. In this paper, we describe a protein (GRM) that is present in all cell types and binds cooperatively with alpha 2 resulting in an unusual arrangement of the two proteins at the operator. A dimer of alpha 2 occupies the two ends of the operator and straddles the GRM protein, which binds to the center of the operator. Using mutant operators, we show that the recognition sequences for both GRM and alpha 2 are required for repression of a test promoter in vivo. Finally, we deduce that the GRM/alpha 2 cooperativity is mediated through a protein-protein interaction between GRM and the N-terminal domain of alpha 2. This conclusion follows from the observation that the isolated C-terminal domain of alpha 2 can co-occupy the operator with GRM but does not bind cooperatively with GRM.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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