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J Biol Chem. 1988 Jul 5;263(19):9155-61.

The yeast SEC53 gene encodes phosphomannomutase.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of California, Berkeley 94720.


Yeast sec53 cells incubated at a restrictive temperature (37 degrees C) accumulate inactive and incompletely glycosylated forms of secretory proteins within the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum. A defect in glycosylation of alpha-factor precursor has been reproduced in vitro using membranes and cytosol isolated from sec53 mutant cells. Normal glycosylation is restored in reactions supplemented with a cytosolic fraction from wild type cells, with GDP-mannose, or with mannose 1-phosphate and GTP, but not with mannose 6-phosphate and GTP. This pattern of stimulation suggests that extracts of sec53 cells are deficient in phosphomannomutase activity or in the production of a precursor of mannose 1-phosphate. Several lines of evidence demonstrate that SEC53 encodes the yeast phosphomannomutase. Direct assay of soluble fractions from independent alleles of sec53 shows low to negligible phosphomannomutase, but nearly normal levels of phosphomannoisomerase activity. The residual phosphomannomutase activity in mutant cell lysates is thermolabile in proportion to the severity of the sec53 cell growth defect. Introduction of the SEC53 gene on a multicopy plasmid into sec53 or wild type yeast and into Salmonella typhimurium results in an increase in phosphomannomutase activity that correlates with elevated expression of the Sec53 protein. Finally, the Sec53 protein and phosphomannomutase activity cofractionate exactly in a 70-fold partial purification involving gel filtration and DEAE chromatography. The secretory defect in sec53 cells may now be explained by a deficit in GDP-mannose production.

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