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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1988 May 16;152(3):962-7.

Role of disulfide bonds in folding and secretion of human lysozyme in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Protein Engineering Research Institute, Osaka Laboratory, c/o Takeda Chemical Industries Ltd., Japan.


We examined folding and secretion of human lysozyme using four mutants each lacking two cysteines expressed in a yeast secretion system. Our results have revealed that the formation of the disulfide bond Cys6/Cys128 in human lysozyme is a prerequisite for correct folding in vivo in yeast. Substitution of Ala for Cys77 and Cys95 gave eight-fold greater secretion of a molecule with almost the same specific activity as that of the native enzyme. Substitutions of the other cysteines gave molecules that were secreted at a lower rate and had lower specific activities than the native enzyme. These are the first findings that the individual disulfide bonds of human lysozyme have different functions in folding and secretion in vivo.

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