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Ann Thorac Surg. 1988 Jun;45(6):647-9.

The effect of arterial filtration on reduction of gaseous microemboli in the middle cerebral artery during cardiopulmonary bypass.

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Department of Radiological Sciences, Guy's Hospital, London, England.


Noninvasive in vivo detection of gaseous microemboli in the middle cerebral artery, by transcranial Doppler ultrasound, was used to determine the effect of filtration in the arterial catheter using 25- and 40-microns filters and bubble oxygenators in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. Eighteen patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery were studied using a closed cardiac (unvented heart) model. Group 1 patients (no filters) had the highest incidence of gaseous microemboli, as indicated by the ultrasound microemboli index, at both high and low oxygen flow rates. Group 2 patients (40-microns filters) had a significantly lower microemboli index, particularly at low oxygen flow rates (t = 4.9, p less than 0.001). The 25-microns group patients had the lowest values of all. No microemboli were detected at low oxygen flow rates, and microemboli were detected in only 0.1% of the samples at high oxygen flow rates. Additionally, observations on vented hearts in 3 patients undergoing cardiac valve surgery indicate that the origin of gaseous microemboli may be air trapped inside the heart.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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