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Am Heart J. 1988 Jun;115(6):1268-73.

Long-term systemic hypertension in children after successful repair of coarctation of the aorta.

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Sección Hipertensión Arterial, Hospital de Niños Ricardo Gutierrez, Buenos Aires, Argentina.


The mechanisms responsible for long-term hypertension in children after successful repair of coarctation of the aorta have not yet been determined. We measured plasma renin activity and aldosterone, adrenalin, and noradrenalin concentrations both under basal conditions and in response to standing and treadmill exercise in 24 normal normotensive children, 16 normotensive postcoarctectomy children, eight hypertensive postcoarctectomy children, and seven children with essential hypertension. Exercise-induced changes in plasma renin activity, aldosterone, adrenalin, and noradrenalin were comparable in the four groups in spite of a significantly greater increase in systolic blood pressure in the children with hypertension. In response to standing, the plasma concentration of noradrenalin increased significantly in normotensive but not in hypertensive children. Hyperresponse of blood pressure to exercise in hypertensive postcoarctectomy children and children with essential hypertension is not related to abnormalities in the sympathetic nervous system or the angiotensin-aldosterone axis. Hypertension could be related to primary baroreceptor alterations, to structural changes in the arterial wall, or both. Twenty percent of normotensive postcoarctectomy children had a blood pressure hyperresponse to exercise and an abnormal noradrenalin response to standing similar to that seen in the hypertensive children. Follow-up of children after coarctectomy may elucidate whether these two abnormalities are indicators of an increased risk of developing long-term recurrent hypertension.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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