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Cell. 1988 May 20;53(4):635-47.

Study of a temperature-sensitive mutant of the ras-related YPT1 gene product in yeast suggests a role in the regulation of intracellular calcium.

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Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Department of Molecular Genetics, Göttingen, Federal Republic of Germany.


Intragenic mutations were isolated that suppressed the dominant-lethal phenotype of the YPT1ile121 mutant gene in a temperature-dependent fashion. Among different amino acid substitutions resulting from single point mutations, two, Ala161----Val (A161V) and Met165----Ile (M165I), restored the function of the YPT1ile121 mutant protein. Mutants expressing the YPT1ile121/val161 allele (ypt1ts) only, grew normally at temperatures up to 30 degrees C but were arrested at 37 degrees C. At the restrictive temperature, ypt1ts mutants accumulated ER membranes, small vesicles, and unprocessed invertase, and they exhibited cytoskeletal defects and an enhanced 45Ca2+ uptake. Similar alterations were seen in YPT1-depleted cells. The ypt1ts mutant cells could be rescued from growth arrest by increasing extracellular Ca2+, and, even at the permissive temperature, they displayed increased trifluoperazine sensitivity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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