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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Apr;85(8):2763-6.

Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor enhances neutrophil function in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients.

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Division of Hematology-Oncology, University of California School of Medicine, Los Angeles 90024-1678.


We conducted a clinical trial of human recombinant granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rGM-CSF) in leukopenic patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and analyzed neutrophil function before, during, and after in vivo administration of rGM-CSF. Prior to GM-CSF infusion, AIDS patients' neutrophil superoxide generation and neutrophil antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity were enhanced normally by in vitro exposure to GM-CSF. Neutrophil phagocytosis and intracellular killing of Staphylococcus aureus were also normal in the majority of these patients. Two patients, however, had discrete neutrophil functional defects: one in phagocytosis and one in intracellular killing. During the period of GM-CSF infusion, these abnormalities were corrected. The number of circulating neutrophils increased in all patients treated with GM-CSF in a dose-dependent manner. Neutrophils produced in vivo in response to GM-CSF administration functioned normally and there was evidence for neutrophil priming and activation in vivo. We conclude that GM-CSF treatment of AIDS patients leads to the production of functionally active neutrophils, suggesting therapeutic potential for GM-CSF in the treatment of patients with impaired host defense.

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